Fusion of Hand-Engineered and Deep Learning Features for Tuberculosis Detection from Chest X-Ray Images
Tuberculosis detection from chest X-Ray images is an important and yet very dreary task to be done manually for physicians as the number of patients is increasing day by day. In this regard, a computer-aided diagnosis system can facilitate the process to diagnose this increasing number of patients in a shorter time. For reliable detection of abnormality in chest XRay, different handcrafted features are used previously because of their low complexity in the extraction procedure and higher accuracy even in a small dataset. On the other hand, deep learning (DL) features gain popularity in many computer vision tasks because of their inhuman performance in comparison to the hand-engineered features. However, the extraction of high level DL features totally depends on the availability of a larger training set. Considering all these facts, we proposed a method that utilizes both the hand-engineered and deep learning-based features together for the tuberculosis detection task. The major finding of this work is that a combination of these two types of features having different error profile can provide better accuracy than their performance individually. The features from both processing arms are selected based on their quality in term of standard performance measure criteria and then ensembled utilizing Random Forest classifier to classify the x-ray images. The performance of this proposed method is evaluated on the set of chest x-ray images collected by Shenzhen hospital, China. The final accuracy and area under the ROC curve (AUC) indicates that it outperforms most of the state of the art methods.
Celia Shahnaz received Ph.D. degree in electrical and computer engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada, in 2009. Currently she is serving as a Professor in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, BUET, from where she received her B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in 2000 and 2002, respectively. Dr. Celia is a senior member of IEEE, a fellow of IEB and has published more than 120 international journal and conference papers. Dr. Shahnaz was a recipient of the Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship for pursuing Ph.D. study in Canada in 2004. She is the recipient of Bangladesh-Academy of Science gold model for her contribution in science and Engineering in Bangladesh. She is the mentor of Ist prize winning project in the IEEE Industrial Application Society (IAS) CMD Robotics Contest 2019, USA, that of 2nd prize winning project in the IEEE Industrial Application Society (IAS) CMD Robotics Contest 2018, USA and that of Ist prize winning project in the Category HEALTH FACILITY in IEEE IAS CMD Humanitarian Project Contest 2017, USA. She is the supervisor of 5th rank winning team in Signal processing cup (SPCUP) competition in ICASSP 2015, Australia. Recently, her papers have received best paper award of biomedical Engineering track at TENCON 2017, that of Humanitarian Challenge track at R10 HTC 2017, that of Biomedical Engineering track at IEEE WIECON-ECE 2016, and the best interactive poster award at icIVPR 2017.
Recently, she has been selected as the 2019 IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Activites Outstanding Volunteer Award, recipient of 2016 IEEE Member and Geographic Activities (MGA) Leadership award with citation “ For leadership in engineering and technology driven innovative IEEE Women in Engineering activities for enhanced membership development and engagement in Region 10 and across the globe”. She is also the recipient of 2015 WIE Inspiring Member Award from IEEE global Women in Engineering (WIE). Under her leadership, WIE Bangladesh Section (BD) has received 2015 WIE Affinity group (AG) of the year award- honorable mention from IEEE global WIE. She is the winner of 2013 IEEE Region 10 WIE Professional Volunteer award. She is serving as an advisor of the WIE BD AG and BUET WIE Student branch AG. Under her advisory role, WIE BD AG also has won 2016 R10 section WIE AG of the year award and 2017 WIE AG of the year award from IEEE WIE. BUET WIE SB has won 2018 WIE SB AG of the year award-honorable mention , 2019 WIE SB AG of the year award from global IEEE WIE and 2018 R10 WIE SB AG of the year award.
She has been appointed as 2017-19 IEEE PES Women in Power (WiP) Region 10 Regional Representative, 2017 and 2019 Communications Chair, IEEE SIGHT steering committee, 2017- 18 Chair, IEEE Women in Engineering (WIE) Workshops Subcommittee and, and 2017 member, IEEE SSIT WIE and SIT subcommittees. In 2016, she has served as committee member of Special event subcommittee and that of Women in Leadership Collabratec Community of IEEE global /MGA WIE. She served as the IEEE Region 10 (Asia-Pacific) WIE Coordinator 2016, the first Bangladeshi to occupy such a coordinator position in R10. In 2017- 18, she has served as IEEE R10 Subcommittees (WIE, and Education). She started contributing to IEEE Region 10 as Region 10 WIE webmaster in 2014. She has served as a member of IEEE Region 10 WIE subcommittee and also as a representative of IEEE Region 10 WIE volunteer committee in 2015. She has also served as R10 Humanitarian Technology Activity (HTA) subcommittee in 2017. She was a Jury member of IEEE Young Engineers Humanitarian (AIYEHUM) Challenge 2017 and a member of the jury coordination team in All IEEE Young Engineers Humanitarian (AIYEHUM) Challenge 2015 organized by the IEEE Region 10. She is also the founder and coordinator of FLASH, a special interest group on Humanitarian Technology (SIGHT) in IEEE Bangladesh Section. In 2018, in order to ensure clean water for Rohingya refugee in Bangladesh, she has conceptualized the project “Bringing Life Back to Rohingya” as a primary applicant and received acceptance of fund from IEEE Humanitarian activity Committee (HAC) in a phased approach. She was the General Chair, IEEE WIE International leadership Summit Dhaka 2018 and General Chair of Humanitarian Project Competition -2018 that won IEEE HAC event funds. She was the General Co-Chair, IEEE R10 Humanitarian technology conference (HTC) 2017. She has served as a mentor and program Chair of International Humanitarian Technology Project Competition (IHTPC) and eleven Parallel tracks to inspire humanitarian technologies for students, WIE, YP, entrepreneurs, Industry people etc during R10 HTC 2017. She has served as lead/co-lead of several humanitarian technology based projects for deaf, dumb, blind people and autistic children. She is the founder/organizer of IEEE Signal Processing (SPS) and IEEE Industrial Applications (IAS) societies of Bangladesh Chapters. She has also co-founded/co-coorganized IEEE Robotics and Automation society (RAS) and IEEE society on social implications on technology (SSIT) Bangladesh chapters. She is the founder and General Chair/technical Program Chair of five collocated IEEE Technical society/area specific conferences in 2019, Such as SPS, Engineering Medicine and biology (EMBS), RAS, IAS and SSIT, an initiative for the first time in IEEE Bangladesh Section.